Security advisory - CVE-2018-8306

Command Injection, Broken Access Control and Evil-Twin-Attack in Microsoft Wireless Display Adapter V2

Affected Products

Microsoft Wireless Display Adapter V2:

Other releases have not been tested.


Microsoft Wireless Display Adapter (MsWDA) is a hardware device to "Share what’s on your tablet, laptop, or smartphone. All Miracast® enabled Windows 10 phones, tablets and laptops, including the Surface line up. Stream movies, view personal photos, or display a presentation on a big screen – all wirelessly." [1]

During our research we found a command-injection, broken access control and an "evil-twin" attack.



MsWDA uses Wifi-Direct for the Connection and Miracast for transmitting Video- and Audiodata. The Wifi-Connection between MsWDA and the Client is alwasy WPA2 encrypted. To setup the connection, MsWDA provides a well-known mechanism: Wi-Fi Protected Setup (WPS). MsWDA implements both push button configuration (PBC) and PIN configuration. Despite the original design and name, MsWDA offers PBC with the button virtually "pressed". A user simply connects. Regardless the authentication method used (PBC or PIN), a client is assigned to a so called "persistent group". A client in a persistent group does not have to re-authenticate on a new connection.


Command injection

MThe attacker has to be connected to the MsWDA.Using the Webservice the Name of the MsWDA could be set in the parameter "NewDeviceName". Appending characters to escape command line scripts, the device gets into a boot loop. Therefore the conclusion is legit, there is a command injection. After several bricked MsWDAs we gave up.

Broken Access Control

  1. PBC is implemented against Wifi Alliance Best Practices [2] No Button has to be pressed, therefore the attacker has just to be in network range to authenticate. Physical access to the device is not required.
  2. If an attacker has formed a persistent group with Push Button Configuration, he can authenticate with the persistent group, even if the configuration method is changed to PIN Configuration.
  3. A persistent group does not expire, so the access right longs forever. The WPA2 key of the connection does not change for a persistent group.


To perform an Evil-Twin Attack, the Attacker has to be connected to the MsWDA attacked. He then offers an own Display Adapter Service with the same name like the MsWDA attacked. The user will only find the attackers name in the available connections and connect to the attackers Evil Twin. A replication service will stream the users data from the attackers device to the MsWDA attacked. Therefore the user will not be able to recognize the attack. Besides the ability to view streaming data, the attacker can use the established connection to access other services on the victims device, e. g. files if shared to trusted networks by the user.

Vulnerable Script for the command injection


Parameter: NewDeviceName

Example for command injection


⇒ show a device name with leading adapter_name=


⇒ bring Display Adapter into a bootloop


Always use PIN method for authentication. This does not require the attacker to have physical access, at least he needs the screen visible. According to the vendor, the command injection has been fixed in the firmware update July 2018.

Disclosure Timeline

2018/03/21 vendor contacted
2018/03/21 initial vendor response
2018/04/06 vendor confirmation
2018/04/20 vendor informs about fixes planned
2018/04/21 feedback to the vendor on the fixes
2018/05/17 vendor provides timeline for the firmware fixes for July 10th
2018/06/19 vendor provides assigend CVE number
2018/07/10 vendor publishes Advisory and Firmware-Updates
2018/07/30 coordinated public disclosure



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